Saturday, May 28, 2005

Iran, Turkey to boost energy exports to Iraq

BAGHDAD (AFP) — Iran and Turkey are to increase power exports to Iraq, a Baghdad official said on Saturday, as government figures showed that electricity output in the country plagued by cuts has worsened since the U.S.-led invasion two years ago.

"Iran has agreed to raise electricity exports to Iraq from 90 megawatts a day to 150, while Turkey will increase them from 150 to 230," said deputy electricity minister Raad al-Haris.

The combined increases represent consumption by more than 100,000 homes and businesses in Iraq.

But Haris, who was speaking in the southern Iraqi city of Najaf, did not say when the increases would take effect.

The official, who had earlier met Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani, also relayed orders from the influential Shiite cleric telling his followers to save power as regional temperatures begin to soar.

He added that work was being carried out on power plants and other installations in southern Baghdad, and the Shiite-dominated cities of Basra, Samawa, Amara and Nasiriyah to provide more electricity.

Iraqis have suffered from serious power shortages since UN-imposed sanctions followed then-president Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait in August 1990.

According to a recent study by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), three quarters of Iraqi homes suffer power cuts, in particular around Baghdad where the figure climbs to 92 percent of the area's 1.1 million households.

Nationwide, electricity is available for roughly 8.8 hours per day according to estimates by the Washington-based Brookings Institution.

In response, 29 percent of Iraqi households own or share a private power generator, with urban figures rising to 32 percent and rural ones at 19 percent, UNDP data showed.

Electricity ministry figures put current daily electricity production around 3,300 megawatts, compared with 5,000 before U.S.-led forces invaded the country in March 2003. On Saturday, Haris held unnamed neighboring countries partly responsible for the power shortages, saying: "Some neighboring countries refuse to supply us with electricity."

Insurgent attacks have also damaged the electricity grid across Iraq in addition to repeatedly hitting oil infrastructures that are the backbone of its power production

Monday, May 23, 2005

Turkey to up power exports to Iraq

Turkey to up power exports to Iraq

Turkish energy group Karadeniz Toptan Elektrik Ticareti (Kartet) has signed a contract with the Iraqi Ministry of Electricity for an additional 1000 MW of electricity exports to Northern Iraq by the first half of 2006. Kartet started supplying electricity to Iraq in 2003 from its 44 MW plant located in Silopi on the Turkish-Iraqi border and currently supplies 200 MW.
Iraq still faces a significant shortfall in power supply with around 4000 MW of usable installed capacity, against a demand of around 10 000 MW. The Ministry says that a further 3700 MW will be added soon

Karadeniz Energy Group
Adres: Ugur Sok. No:10 34406, Kagithane - ISTANBUL / TR
Tel: + 90 ( 212 ) 29547 37 Faks: + 90 ( 212 ) 29547 43

Friday, May 20, 2005

Thermoflow brings PEACE to Conventional Steam Power Plant Design

Thermoflow brings PEACE to Conventional Steam Power Plant Design

Sudbury MA - Thermoflow has released version 11 of its heat balance engineering software suite. One of its significant new developments is the integration of the PEACE (Plant Engineering and Cost Estimation) program with STEAM PRO, the conventional steam power plant design program. PEACE was first introduced in 1998, at which time it was only integrated with GT-PRO; the gas turbine combined cycle design program. Since then, PEACE has gained widespread acceptance, with over five hundred copies in use alongside GT-PRO by the end of year 2002.
"Starting in 2000, we had seen renewed interest in conventional steam power plants amongst developers interested in coal or residual oil, as the price of natural gas began to climb." Says Dr. Maher Elmasri, Thermoflow's president. "That is when we decided that we had to start integrating PEACE with STEAM-PRO, to help our customers to investigate all their options, from both performance and economics perspectives."

The new version of STEAM PRO automates the preliminary engineering process for conventional steam power plants, sizing all the main components, such as boiler and steam turbine, and the balance of plant equipment, such as piping and pumps. The conceptual engineering designs created by the program provide a rational basis for its estimate of the plant costs, for equipment, material and labour.

According to Dr. Elmasri, the biggest challenge lay in developing automated procedures for estimating the size and cost of the boiler as a function of its fuel. The type of fuel, its composition, heating value, sulphur content, moisture content, ask content, and ash composition, all play a strong role in determining the dimensions of the furnace and of the radiant and convective sections. Thus, procedures had to be developed to automatically pick appropriate values for key technical design parameters, as a function of fuel characteristics. These technical parameters, such as excess air, stack temperature, furnace exit temperature, furnace geometry, convective section geometry, gas velocity, etc., have a profound effect on the thermodynamics and heat transfer within the boiler, and hence on the boiler's size, weight, and cost.
Although all these parameters are inputs to the program, which the user may adjust, Thermoflow felt that most of its customers would prefer to rely on expert logic within the program to create suitable values that depend solely on the user's fuel definition. To further assist the user, a database of common coals, with all their pertinent characteristics, has also been incorporated into the program. Additionally, STEAM PRO/ PEACE includes cost functions for pollution control equipment, such as flue gas desulphurisation and electrostatic precipitators, to help assess the cost of environmental compliance.

Although STEAM PRO/ PEACE includes a wealth of engineering detail and enough flexibility to satisfy most experts, its automated design procedures and user- friendliness allow it to be effectively used by engineers who possess various levels of experience and expertise.
About Thermoflow. Based in Sudbury, Massachusetts, Thermoflow Inc. Has been developing thermal engineering design and simulation software for the power industry since 1987. Its widely used software suite is considered by many engineers around the world to be the most comprehensive, mature and reliable of its type.

29 Hudson Road, Sudbury MA 01776 USA,
Tel (978) 579-7999 * Fax (978) 579-5995

GE Energy to Provide LM6000-PC Sprint for Organized Industrial Zone in Turkey

GE Energy to Provide LM6000-PC Sprint for Organized Industrial Zone in TurkeyContract includes 14-year CSAHOUSTON, TEXAS (March 18, 2005) — GE Energy will provide an LM6000-PC Sprint aeroderivative gas turbine to Cerkezkoy Enerji Elektrik Uretim A.S., located in the OSB (organized industrial zone) of Cerkezkoy, Turkey. A 14-year contractual service agreement for maintenance is included with the contract.The gas turbine will be used for cogeneration and will produce approximately 48 megawatts of electrical power and 60 tons per hour of process steam to feed the industrial users, mainly textile factories within the Cerkezkoy industrial zone. The plant will run parallel to the 154 kV Turkish electricity transmission authority's (TEIAS) grid system. The plant will be the largest and most efficient cogeneration facility in Turkey and deliver power to the industrial users at a 20% reduced rate."Our proven technology and quality service will allow Cerkezkoy Enerji to provide more efficient and reliable power to all of the companies within the industrial area that depend on them," said Rick Stewart, president of GE Energy's aeroderivative division.The LM6000-PC Sprint gas turbine is scheduled to ship in June 2005 and be put into commercial operation in December 2005. It will be run on gas fuel.Cerkezkoy Enerji is a semi-public entity that consists of an elected board set up to provide utilities and infrastructure for the factories within the industrial zone. There are 160 factories inside the Cerkezkoy industrial zone, made up mostly of textiles, top quality fabrics, and garments that are exported to the United States and Western and Eastern Europe.GE Energy's aeroderivative division is a leading supplier of aeroderivative gas turbines for industrial and marine applications and is also the world's largest and most experienced aeroderivative gas turbine service provider. It also provides power-generating equipment to utilities, industries and marine fleets throughout the world. In addition, the company provides comprehensive maintenance coverage and is dedicated to helping its customers improve their operations through reduced plant downtime, improved efficiency, and enhanced power or production output.About GE EnergyGE Energy ( is one of the world's leading suppliers of power generation and energy delivery technology, with 2004 revenues of $17.3 billion. Based in Atlanta, Georgia, GE Energy provides equipment, service and management solutions across the power generation, oil and gas, transmission and distribution, distributed power and energy rental industries.
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